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How to form Healthful Schools

Since children have to remain (live) in class rooms for half of the day on school days, the physical environment of the premises and campus should be helpful to keep them healthy.

In India the minimum standards of physical environment and sanitation for schools are as follows:

 
 
  1. Location and accessibility: the school should be centrally located at a fair distance (at least 60 feet) from the main street on road and should not be near busy places, factories , cinema houses, railway tracks or market.
  2. Site and size of the campus: the campus should not be vulnerable to inundation or dampness and preferably be a suitable high land with fencing and proper drainage facilities.
  3. Civil Structure: for nursery and secondary schools, single storeyed buildings are more suitable and safe. Exterior walls should have a minimum thickness of 100 inches and should also be heat resistant.
  4. Classrooms : the classrooms should b preferably rectangular, with being two thirds of the length and height not less than 12 feet. Orientation of classrooms towards south or southeast will provide more sunlight.
  5. Furniture: the height, weight and size of furniture should suit the age group of students. It is desirable to provide single desks and chairs. Desks should be of “minus “type(top of desk overhanging the chair). Chairs should be provided with proper back rests, with facilities for desk work.
  6. Doors & windows: combined door and window area would be at least 25 percent of the floor space and the ventilation should not be less than 2 percent of the floor area.
  7. Color: inside colour of the classrooms should be white and the walls should be periodically white-washed.
  8. Lighting : classrooms should have sufficient natural light, preferably from the left, and should not be from the front.
  9. Water supply: there should be an independent source of safe and potable water supply, which should be continuous and distributed through taps.
  10. Eating facilities: vendors other than those approved by the school authorities should not be allowed inside school premises; here should be separate room provided for midday meals.
  11. Lavatory: privies and urinals should be provided as one urinal for 60 students and one latrine for 100 students; arrangements or boys and girls should be separate also.
  12. Cleansing of schools: the school rooms should be swept every day, and the floor scrupulously scrubbed once a week.